Roman Empire food

Roman Empire food

The Roman Empire was one of the biggest empires of its time, essentially based around the Mediterranean. Typically, many of the eating and drinking habits of the ancient Romans were influenced by famous foodstuffs grown in the Mediterranean region. The eating habits of rich Romans were luxurious and grand when compared to those of an ordinary Roman farmer.  Roman people could afford the best and loved throwing dinner parties that continue for hours.

The Roman Empire was also very fond of fish sauce called liquamen.  The Romans ate three meals a day. They use bread with honey and rice pancake in the morning. At midday, they ate a light meal of fish, cold meat, bread, and vegetables and Roman Empire food similar to modern Italian such as they prefer grains, legumes, etc

  • Barley

Barley was a basic foodstuff in ancient Greece since it made up a large portion of the diet of athletes. Barley is an integral part of the roman athletes’ diet training diet.  This all-round grain has a somewhat caramel texture and a slightly nutty flavor that can complement many dishes. Barley is rich in many nutrients and filled with health benefits, cover from improved digestion and weight loss to lowering cholesterol levels and a healthier heart. Barley has soluble fiber, which minimizes hunger and enhances feelings of fullness. It may even promote weight loss.

  • Olive oil

 The Majority of Romans, olive oil became even more common in Roman kitchens when Roman emperors began to actively support olive tree plantations and olive oil production.  Olive oil is a symbol in ancient Rome since olive leaves and branches that constitute peace, fertility, and prosperity. Olive oil is a vital element of the Mediterranean diet. It is rich in antioxidants. The main fat it contains is a monounsaturated fatty acid, which olive oil considered a healthy fat.

  • Fruits and vegetables

Fruits and vegetables up a major part of the daily diet of the ancient Romans. Popular fruits like apples, figs, grapes, pears, plums, dates, cherries, and in vegetable carrots, turnips, onions cucumber, and leaks were easily available in the Mediterranean region and integral part of roman food. Fruits and vegetables have many vitamins and minerals that are good for your health such as vitamins A, C, and E, magnesium, zinc, phosphorous and folic acid. Fruits and vegetables help in reducing blood levels of homocysteine, a substance that may be a risk factor for coronary heart disease

  • Wheat

A basic food item in ancient Rome was wheat which was an important ingredient in most meals. Wheat flour was used to bake the bread. It was also used to prepare porridge and pancake biscuits. Wheat has a variety of important nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, protein, fiber, and other healthy plant compounds. Wheat pancakes with dates or honey were common for breakfast, wheat bread and cheese were usually taken for lunch and wheat porridge was almost always on the dinner menu in Roman households.

  • Posca

Posca was a popular drink among ancient Roman soldiers and the lower class. Posca was made by watering down low-quality wine and then adding spices to make it taste better. The roman soldiers and peasants used to add water to the vinegar to turn it into drinkable posca.

  • Meat and fish

The meat was a costly product in ancient Rome so the common people preferred buying it in small pieces and mainly ate it during festivals. Meat items were served during the big dinner parties of the rich Roman community

  • Wine

Wine is a popular drink among the rich community of Romans such as red, yellow, black and white wine are an integral parts of the Roman Empire.

  • Spices

The ancient Romans were fond of sauces and spices with their meals. For the poor Romans, meals were bland and consisted of the boiled paste of available staples like wheat, barley, and vegetables for enhancing the flavor of food.